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Heed Project

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Khurram Owais Shah

Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Last Visit: 09 Oct 2010
Posts: 45
Location: Karachi
PostPosted: Fri Mar 12, 2010 5:00 pm    Post subject: Heed Project Reply with quote

Project: Installation of family latrines
Organization: Health, Education, Environment Development (HEED) Association
Team: Nabeel Hasnain (lead), Najaf Ali Shah, Nada Siddiqui
EC: Tarim Wasim, Shuaib Siddiqui
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Syed Nabeel Hasnain

Joined: 30 Jul 2008
Last Visit: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 7
Location: Mountain View, CA
PostPosted: Sun Apr 04, 2010 4:08 pm    Post subject: Project Summary Form Reply with quote

Includes reference check responses.
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Syed Nabeel Hasnain

Joined: 30 Jul 2008
Last Visit: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 7
Location: Mountain View, CA
PostPosted: Sun Apr 04, 2010 4:25 pm    Post subject: HEED Questionnaire response II Reply with quote

The following are the responses from HEED to an ADP questionnaire:

Existing Situation
1) What are the current practices of the villagers regarding sanitation?

HEED has conducted a recent survey on 27th and 28th March 2010 to provide ADP with the latest situation in the village and is summarized as follows:
-Total number of latrines in the village is 4 constructed by some of the community members with very basic infrastructure and not following a proper design.
-Open defecation is the practice of most of the inhabitants of the village

2) Community Latrines
a) What percentage of the villagers use the existing community latrines?

Approximately 5% of the villagers use the existing community latrines.

b) Of those that do not use them, what are their primary reasons for not doing so?

Due to terrain of the village, the houses are scattered and therefore pose accessibility issues
-Women due to cultural and traditional constraints do not use these community latrines
-Very limited children are using these facilities due to access and also due to mothers not able to access these community latrines and accompany their kids

c) Do the community latrines function effectively?

-Two community latrines built by HEED together with the community in year 2008 are still working well and we are pleased to report a well maintained condition as shown in the photo. This encourages HEED to advocate this sanitation project for village Sokar where people are looking forward for this project.

3) Health effects
a) Does HEED have any data (or anecdotal evidence) to suggest that sanitation practices are leading to higher morbidity or sickness levels in the village?

-Like any developing country, our project area also suffers from diseases arising from a combination of poor hygiene, contaminated water and poor sanitation. Parasitic infections due to poor sanitation are reported resulting in villagers having parasitic worm infections. Such worms, whilst they may not cause death, lead to stunted growth and general debilitation. Some of the diseases arising from the poor sanitation and poor waste disposal in village Sokar as reported by the nearby Health Unit are dysentery, cholera, typhoid, schistosomiasis and trachoma.

b) How much of a change is expected in health metrics through this project?

-Introduction of family latrines with easy access along with undertaking an intensive hygiene promotion and formulation of hygiene committees within the community as well as continued awareness campaign in the local HEED supported community school, all shall bring about a great change contributing positively towards the overall health of the villagers
-With an improved drinking water quality through the recently delivered water supply scheme, the key informants like schools teachers, health workers and community organization members have reported improving health in the village. This improvement in the overall health of the community shall multiply with an improved and 100% access to an appropriate level of sanitation

Project Details
4) Is it necessary for a latrine to be built for every family? Instead can one latrine be shared between a certain number of families?

-Considering the population figure of approximately 350 villagers, target 60 family latrines make up 6 persons per latrine.
-Size of a family varies from 4 – 13 persons per home and therefore, family latrine per house is justified. However, HEED intends to assess each and every case during the execution stage and in consultation with the community based organization decide on providing single family latrine to multiple houses, if practical.
-Four (4) latrines are allocated for the two schools in the village

5) Feasibility
a) Who owns the land that each proposed latrine will be built on?

-Generally house owners own enough land around their shelters which is enough to construct family latrine and locate a septic pit at a reasonable distance. However, the community based organization shall assist HEED to confirm if each and every latrine is being constructed without triggering any land issues.

b) Is there enough land and space between shelters such that latrines can be easily built for every family?

-Yes there is enough land and space between shelters such that latrines can be easily built for every family.

c) What is the source of water for the Sokar Water Supply Scheme?

-HEED Association undertook a water supply project for the village Sokar in year 2008 which is gravity water supply scheme supplying water from a spring source to the village.

d) Is there enough water for 60 pour flush latrines to function year round?

-Water supply scheme supported with roof rain water harvesting provides enough water for the pour flush latrines in the village

e) How will waste disposal from the septic tank be handled?
-Based on the feedback received from the community, it takes a long time for the proposed septic pits (details provided in previous clarification) to fill and once the need arises for the cleaning / emptying, a second septic pit is dug to provide a new septic pit. This saves the need to empty the septic tank as it will be safe and can be used as a soil conditioner after 2 years without any treatment.

f) Is there a recovery/sewage treatment plan for the water?


6) Budget
a) How was the project budget estimated? Does HEED have recent experience with and/or market quotes for each component?

-Project budget was estimated around PKR 843,000.00 by HEED Association based on local market rates and our experience to undertake similar works
-Please make a note that this project delivery approach is mainly based on Community participation and our representatives during recent survey obtained a re-confirmation from the community members for their participation.
-Additional budget amount shall be arranged by HEED team (no current funds available but may raise some limited funds), if required.

b) Are the costs similar to the actual costs incurred for the existing communal latrines?

-More or less similar as community latrines were done in the year 2008

c) Please clarify funds allocated for Labor. Who will be the source for ‘Skilled Labor’? Does ‘Unskilled Labor’ refer to community members? Are these labor rates fixed regardless of timeline of project?

-Labour provision in the budget as explained in the proposal text is to ensure good workmanship and implementation of the design
-Skilled Labour refers to a mason and a plumber whereas unskilled labour refers to hired labour to support the skilled labour to ensure efficiency. Community support in labour is in addition to the above mentioned input

7) Community involvement
a) How has HEED gotten comfortable that the community members are committed to investing time and labor for the project and making sure the latrines are maintained?

-HEED has been working in Sokar since year 2008 for water supply scheme, community latrines, primary school construction and supporting the ongoing access road project and therefore has become part of the community. All this was possible due to active community participation and support.

8 ) Maintenance
a) Discuss the people mentioned as providing “sewerage and sanitation related services” in the local environment. Are they plumbers or janitorial workers?


b) Have there been any maintenance/breakdown issues with the existing community latrines? If so, how have they been handled?

-Nothing reported so far in two years which is a positive sign and recent visit supports a good use of the facility which has been maintained by the local community – an encouragement to proceed with this project
Impact Measurement

9) What metrics will you use to assess the health, environmental, and social impact of the project?

-HEED upon start of the project shall undertake a baseline survey which shall have qualitative as well quantitative indicators
-HEED intends to engage sanitation related indicators used by organizations like WHO or UNDP including both quantitative and qualitative indicators
-Some of them can be:
- No. of toilets available in the village
- No. of people with access to sanitation facilities
- Health related statistics
- Monitoring & Evaluation Indicators

10) Has HEED measured such impact before and after the introduction of communal latrines?

-No formal study was conducted for the previously undertaken community sanitation project due to a very limited scope of work
-In general, this has helped to raise the community’ awareness and desire to have their own sanitation facility

Prior Experience
11) Describe HEED’s prior experience with pour flush latrines and rural sanitation in general.

-HEED team which shall be engaged in this project has already delivered more than 1200 pour flush family latrines during the earthquake programme run under OXFAM GB – Mubashir Niaz was the Technical Team Leader at that time who is now current Chief Organiser of HEED and the Project Manager for this project

12) Has HEED implemented a similar latrine project in another village? If so, please describe the outcome of that project.

-Not to this scale but the community latrines built in Sokar have been a success whereas recently for Village Chattian, HEED has accomplished a septic tank receiving influents from multiple sources to improve the sanitation facilities there

13) Is ADP your only source of funding for this project? Which other sources are potentially available?

-ADP is the only source for this funding, however, HEED shall endeavour to raise funds to cover the slight over budget figure

14) Is the Sokar Village population nomadic or stationary?

15) Are there any security related issues in the Sokar Village area?

-No there is no security related issues in the Sokar Village area, and people are very cooperative and appreciate all the development works being undertaken for them

16) How far is Sokar from Muzaffarabad?

-Approximately 35 kilometers

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Tarim Wasim

Joined: 28 Jan 2005
Last Visit: 17 Apr 2011
Posts: 160
Location: San Francisco
PostPosted: Sun Apr 04, 2010 5:46 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

This looks great guys. Looking forward to our call this evening.

Attached are some of my thoughts based on the materials that have been sent around. I have not had a chance to review the external research, but am hoping that the team will be able to share some of the key findings from that on the call.

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